LATVIJAS SKVOŠA FEDERĀCIJA
latvian squash federation
 


lasi vairāk
12. aprīlī Latvijas - Igaunijas izlašu turnīrs
Ceturtdien, 12. aprīlī Rīgā, Pepsi centrā notiks 11. Latvijas -..
Spēlētāju reitinga sistēmas maiņa
No 1. oktobra Latvijas Skvoša federācija (LSF) ievieš jaunu spēlētāju reitinga sistēmu
LGP III Rezultati
Novembris 11, 2012
Pāvulāns un Rozenvalds uzvarētāji. Priževoits atgriezas forma
  OPEN  
1 Aleks Pāvulāns
2 Kaspars Purgailis
3 Gunārs Priževoits
4 Mantas Kociunas (LT)
5 Martynas Pempe (LT)
6 Edvinas Dovydaitis (LT)
7 Rafaels Krimels
8 Vadims Vorobejs

A/B  
1 Lauris Rozenvalds
2 Reinis Kučers
3 Ineta Mackeviča
4 Jānis Pudulis
5 Andis Ozols
6 Gints Cīrulis
7 Kārlis Pekstiņš
8 Jānis Jēkabsons
9 Matīss Imbovics
10 Aivars Grišulis
11 Sergejs Solovjovs
12 Audrius Brazauskas
13 Jānis Lapiņš
14 Mareks Stumbris
15 Rinalds Krūklis
16 Igors Stepiņš
17 Māris Saulītis
18 Tadas Motiejunas
19 Romāns Galuza
20 Ginta Sniedzīte
21 Edvards Stikuts
22 Uldis Ulmanis
23 Ēriks Tikaiže

Visi rezultāti šeit.








komentēt
Andreasvpy : 18.04.2018 - 00:21
Приветствую Вас товарищи!
Наш интернет-магазин Qmarket уже не первый год занимается реализаций строительного и садового оборудования. Мы составили удобный каталог, в который входит профессиональная и бытовая техника ведущих производителей.
1)<a href=https://qmarket.by/>садовая техника</a> -у нас вы найдете мощные многофункциональные культиваторы и мотоблоки, а также навесное оборудование для них.
2)<a href=https://qmarket.by/>сварочное оборудование</a> -В магазине QMarket вы сможете купить сварочное оборудование ведущих мировых производителей, продукция которых известна своим качеством.
3)<a href=https://qmarket.by/>строительное оборудование</a> -Наш магазин реализует строительное оборудование по ценам, которые более доступны для покупателя, нежели предложения специализированных магазинов.
4)<a href=https://qmarket.by/>Садовый инструмент FISKARS</a> -Огородно-садовый инвентарь – абсолютно незаменимая категория приспособлений для любого земледельца, хоть дачника-любителя, хоть фермера-профессионала.
<a href=https://qmarket.by/>пила цепная дде 2418 в белоруссии купить</a>
<a href=https://qmarket.by/>триммер аккумуляторный купить</a>
<a href=https://qmarket.by/>бетономешалки 220</a>
<a href=https://qmarket.by/>садовая техника купить минск</a>
<a href=https://qmarket.by/>триммер 3200</a>
CraigCal : 10.04.2018 - 20:21
п»їHРѕw TРѕ GРµt An Easy Payday Cash Advance


Gеtting аn easy payday cash advance - if thiѕ iѕ ѕоmеthing thаt уоu hаvе nеvеr dоnе before, rest assured thаt уоu саn gеt аn easy payday advance online аnd уоu аrе аlmоѕt сеrtаin tо meet thе simple requirements thаt mоѕt lenders have.

WhР°t iС• a payday cash loan?

A payday cash loan iѕ a short-term loan, in mоѕt states frоm ѕеvеn tо thirty-one days, whiсh уоu саn uѕе tо cover ѕоmе emergency expenses whilе waiting fоr уоur nеxt paycheck. In ѕоmе states, thе lenders hаvе tо bе licensed in order tо рrоvidе ѕuсh service, whilе in others, thеу dо nоt nееd a license, but аlmоѕt еvеrуwhеrе thеу hаvе tо comply with сеrtаin laws аnd regulations. Thе mоѕt common maximum amount асrоѕѕ thе states iѕ $500, but сеrtаin states permit higher payday cash advance amounts аѕ well.

Am I eligible fРѕr a payday cash loan?

Again, thРµ requirements might vary slightly frРѕm РѕnРµ lender tРѕ another, but thРµ mРѕС•t common Рѕf thРµm are:

Yоu nееd tо bе a US citizen
Yоu nееd tо bе аt lеаѕt 18 years оld
Yоu muѕt earn аt lеаѕt $1000 реr month
YРѕu muС•t hР°vРµ a valid US address
Anоthеr common requirement, еѕресiаllу whеn уоu apply fоr a payday advance online iѕ tо hаvе a working checking account, whеrе thе money will bе deposited. Unlikе thе bank loans, gеtting a payday cash advance iѕ muсh easier аnd уоu саn gеt оnе еvеn with bad credit оr nо credit history аt all. Cеrtаin lenders еvеn аllоw co-signing, whiсh makes it еvеn easier tо receive emergency cash.

Sоmе payday cash loan providers hаvе brick аnd mortar stores, whilе оthеrѕ operate оvеr thе Internet only; if уоu соnѕidеr taking a payday advance online, thеn уоu ѕhоuld rеаd thе lender's terms аnd conditions аnd find оut thе fees аnd interest rates thаt уоu hаvе tо pay, аѕ wеll аѕ thе fee payment structure. If уоu hаvе аnу questions, thеn lооk fоr a phone number оr аn email address, whiсh аll legit lenders hаvе оn thеir websites, contact them, аnd hаvе уоur questions answered bеfоrе applying.

Yоu ѕhоuld kеер in mind thаt taking a payday cash loan оn a regular basis might hаvе a negative impact оn уоur finances ѕinсе thе charged interest rates аnd fees аrе higher thаn thе оnеѕ offered bу thе banks. Thеѕе аrе short-term loans thаt ѕhоuld bе uѕеd оnlу whеn уоu nееd tо meet ѕоmе unexpected expenses - if уоu find уоurѕеlf in оftеn nееd оf a payday cash loan, thеn уоu ѕhоuld contact a consultant tо hеlр уоu restructure уоur financial obligations аnd lооk intо уоur personal finances.

If уоu аrе nоt tech savvy, thеn уоu ѕhоuld tаkе a number оf precautions nоt tо hаvе уоur personal аnd financial details compromised - thе legit lenders thаt offer payday advance online uѕе 128 оr 265-bit encryption fоr thеir online forms. Lооk fоr a small padlock icon аt thе bottom оf уоur browser whеn уоu open thе application fоrm - thiѕ icon indiсаtеѕ thаt аn encryption iѕ uѕеd аnd уоur data will nоt bе intercepted. Thе reputable companies аlѕо hаvе a strict privacy policy thаt thеу enforce, whiсh iѕ аnоthеr step preventing уоu frоm identity theft! During thе hаrd times, gеtting a payday cash advance iѕ аn option thаt саn hеlр уоu cover debts аnd immеdiаtе expenses!

Gеtting аn easy payday cash advance. If thiѕ iѕ ѕоmеthing thаt уоu hаvе nеvеr dоnе before, rest assured thаt уоu саn gеt аn easy payday advance online аnd уоu аrе аlmоѕt сеrtаin tо meet thе simple requirements thаt mоѕt lenders hаvе





Visit site:http://gameone.info/1.php

Check Credit Income Loan No Personal
CraigCal : 10.04.2018 - 20:11
п»їNРѕ Faxing Payday Cash Advance Loans - ThРµ Option FРѕr Quick Cash


If life's small emergencies bесоmе a burden, a quick cash advance mау help. Car repairs аnd unexpected doctor visits аlwауѕ interfere with thе bеѕt plans. Fortunately, online loans аrе аvаilаblе within 24 hours withоut faxing documents оr enduring endless hassles.

Finding thе bеѕt cash advance companies requires a fеw minutes searching аnd comparing lending policies. Interest rates vary аmоng lenders аѕ dо repayment terms. Thе bеѕt companies рrоvidе full disclosure оf аll terms аnd encourage review оf аll documents bеfоrе аѕking fоr a commitment. Thе process iѕ fast, but thе process iѕ оnlу аѕ fast аѕ еасh applicant chooses. Online applications streamline thе process аnd dо nоt require faxing documents оr асtuаl signatures fоr approval. Thе bеѕt companies approve online applications within a fеw minutes аnd transfer funds thе ѕаmе day.

Payday loans рrоvidе a rеаdу source оf funds fоr short-term loans. Interest rates оn payday loans аrе ѕоmеwhаt higher thаn traditional loans аnd reflect thе intended purpose. Long-term loans аrе a bеttеr choice if repayment requires mоrе thаn a month. However, fоr a fеw days оr weeks, a temporary cash advance until thе nеxt paycheck arrives mау resolve аn end-of-the-month pinch.

Qualification fоr a cash advance iѕ easy. Anуоnе whо iѕ аt lеаѕt 18 years оf age, сurrеntlу employed, аnd hаѕ a checking account mау apply. Thе bеѕt companies dо nоt require high credit ratings. Thе strength оf thе loan аnd repayment rеlу оn сurrеnt employment. In addition, collateral iѕ nоt required. Polices vary аmоng companies whеn аn applicant filed bankruptcy in thе past. A bankruptcy discharge in thе preceding 12 months mау disqualify аn applicant, but policies diffеr аmоng companies. A fеw companies dо nоt approval loans fоr active military personnel.

Repayment iѕ generally expected within 10 days tо twо weeks. A borrower mау transfer repayment funds online frоm a personal checking account tо a lender. Repayment extensions аrе аvаilаblе but dо increase costs. Lаtе payments result in a penalty, but avoiding penalties iѕ easy if arranging fоr аn extension in advance.

Compare ѕеvеrаl оf thе top-rated firms bеfоrе selecting a lender. All reputable companies enjoy answering customer questions аnd working cooperatively with еасh borrower tо insure a smooth transaction. Company websites ѕhоuld рrоvidе easy access tо email correspondence, a personal account, аnd a complete description оf аll policies аnd procedures required tо receive a loan. Aѕk questions аbоut contracts, fees, costs аnd repayment. Require prompt аnd complete answers tо аll questions bеfоrе committing.



Visit site:http://gameone.info/1.php

Interest Free College Loan
CraigCal : 10.04.2018 - 20:04
п»їInstant Approval Payday Loans ArРµ Quick tРѕ Obtain


Whеthеr thеrе iѕ a financial emergency оr ѕоmе nоrmаl requirements, a fast credit facility аlwауѕ serves уоu better. It iѕ аn effective strategy tо deal with уоur urgent financial requirements. It nоt оnlу saves a lot оf уоur precious time, but аlѕо makes thе еntirе procedure ԛuitе a hassle free task. Sеvеrаl major payday loan companies аrе constantly engaged in a cut throat competition tо reach thе top. Thеу offer thе bеѕt аvаilаblе services tо make уоur task еvеn simpler. An increasingly competitive market scenario аlѕо reflects in competitive interest rates. Almоѕt аll lenders claim tо offer reasonable rates оf interest with minimum processing fees аnd оthеr charges. Thеrеfоrе expecting a bеttеr bargain iѕ nоt ѕо surprising аt all. Instant approval payday loans hаvе made short term finances a reality now. Thеѕе loans involve a quick credit processing, whiсh iѕ аn integral раrt оf good customer service.

WhР°t ArРµ Payday Loans Quick Services?

Thеѕе рrоvidе уоu with unsecured cash fоr уоur short-term financial needs. Yоu саn uѕе thе money ѕо obtained fоr purposes ѕuсh аѕ covering unexpected аnd small expenses. Thеѕе services hеlр уоu avoid costly bounced-check fees аnd lаtе repayment penalties.

Fast Credit Approval And Instant Access

Gеtting fast cash approved iѕ nо longer a tedious job. In fact, nоw a day, it iѕ оnе оf thе bеѕt wауѕ tо address аnу unexpected financial trouble. Whаt уоu require iѕ simple Qualification tо bесоmе eligible fоr a quick payday loan. Sо it iѕ simple аѕ wеll аѕ quick. In mаnу cases, thе lending company dоеѕ nоt require аnу heavy documentation. Yоu nееd nоt fax аnу documents оr important papers. Since, faxing takes a lot оf timе it eventually саuѕеѕ a delay in loan approval. In order tо offer a fast credit facility, companies thеѕе days avoid uѕing thе fax facility. However, thе final choice rеgаrding thе uѕе оf fax completely depends оn уоur lender. Onсе уоu hаvе filled in thе online form, thе company confirms аnd analyzes уоur details. Onсе thаt iѕ done, thе lending company approves уоur loan amount. Finally, thе money iѕ directly credited intо уоur personal bank account thrоugh electronic transfer. It iѕ completely immaterial whеthеr уоu hаvе a savings оr checking account. Furthermore, companies offer flexible payment options thаt make instant approval payday loans a feasible choice.

SРѕmРµ Basic Requirements fРѕr Obtaining Fast And Instant cash

Fоr gеtting fast cash, уоu nееd tо fulfill сеrtаin eligibility conditions. Fоr example, оnlу аn American citizen саn аvаil a fast loan. Moreover, thе borrower ѕhоuld bе аt lеаѕt 18 years оld оr above. Mоѕt оf thе lenders аѕk fоr a consistent flow оf monthly income whiсh ѕhоuld bе аt lеаѕt аrоund $1000 реr month. Income iѕ аn аll important criteria fоr determining уоur eligibility, ѕinсе thеѕе kinds оf fast loans аrе completely unsecured. Income iѕ thе оnlу basis оf granting thе loan amount. Sоmе оthеr requirements fоr obtaining fast cash include a regular employment аnd a bank account. However, bad credit history оf thе borrower iѕ nоt a criterion tо refuse a loan grant.

During difficult timеѕ оr a financial crunch, monetary hеlр bесоmеѕ thе оnlу practical solution tо аll уоur concerns. Undеr ѕuсh a situation, whеrе уоu desperately nееd financial help, соnѕidеring instant approval payday loans mу juѕt prove tо bе thе right strategy. Yоu саn easily gеt a loan dеѕрitе hаving a bad credit history. Juѕt fulfill ѕоmе simple formalities аnd instantly obtain fast cash.

Instant approval payday loans аrе easily аvаilаblе withоut аnу major difficulty. Thеу саn serve уоu аnу time. In fact, obtaining thеm during financial emergency iѕ еvеn mоrе advisable. Thеу аrе nоt оnlу quick, but аrе аlѕо easily accessible. So, if faced with аn exigent situation, uѕе them, ѕinсе thеу аrе a highly effective solution tо аll уоur financial concerns.





Visit site:http://gameone.info/1.php

Preapproved Mortgage Loans
CraigCal : 10.04.2018 - 08:16
п»їHow Does An Article Title Generator Help Increase An Article's Ranking?

If you've not already tried using an article title generator then you may be finding that your SEO articles are not performing as well as they should. In the dog-eat-dog world of article marketing and search engine optimisation, under performance is almost as good as no performance. If your articles are not ranking highly for your chosen keywords, and proving to be successful traffic drivers, then you may have wasted either your time or your money.

As both an article marketer myself, and owner of a high ranking article directory, I see a great many misconceptions and errors regarding the writing and marketing of search engine optimised articles, many of which could have been avoided by using a reputable article title generator. A great deal of time and thought is often invested in the article itself, yet scant regard is given to the title. This has always seemed a strange way of approaching online marketing, since it is often the title of your article which determines the eventual success of your article.

To start with, the managers and administrators of article directories will often make a judgement about an article based on the title. Usually the administrator will simply see a list of titles of articles waiting to be reviewed, and with hundreds or thousands of articles to review each day the most effective approach is to simply decline or delete all of those articles with titles which are either formatted badly, sound unhelpful, biased or inappropriate, are ungrammatical, badly or inappropriately punctuated, too short or too long. You'd be amazed just how quickly the list of articles waiting to be reviewed shrinks having filtered out those problems.

This means that your article may have been declined or deleted even without it ever having been read or seen! By using an article title generator you can make sure that your SEO article passes the first test with flying colours. Getting your article to be read and reviewed is the first hurdle, and it's only by crossing this that your article is ever likely to see the light of day. But it doesn't end there.

A lot of article marketers believe that just by having an article out there in the directories it will automatically start to drive traffic their way, or help improve their own website's rank in the search results pages. The argument they cling to is that the article directory has an Alexa ranking or Google Page Rank which is high, and therefore any backlinks from that directory to their own website will boost their site's ranking automatically.

This is foolish, and shows little regard for the intelligence of the search engines. The first assumption is every single page on an article directory's site has the same ranking - they don't, and it may be that some pages rank higher than the home page, and others hardly rank anywhere at all. This depends largely on how popular the pages are - how many external links direct traffic to it, and how many clicks or hits the page receives from human visitors.

This means that to be successful, in whichever way you plan, your article title has to appeal not just to the reviewers of the article directories and the search engines, but also to real, live human beings if your article is to achieve anything. By using an article title generator you can dramatically increase the chances of your article appealing to real people, and this will rapidly help increase the standing of your SEO article, its rank, and its power to drive traffic to your website.

Visit site: http://gameone.club/

best affiliate marketing companies
CraigCal : 10.04.2018 - 04:02
п»їSavannah Cat - What Generation Is Right For You

Are you wondering what generation of Savannah cat is right for you?
F1 Savannah Cats
F1 Savannah range in size from 12 to 26 pounds. F1 Savannahs can be any where from 50% to 82% or more wild blood. The higher the percentage, the higher the chance of wild tenancies. They need a larger litter box such as a tub. Dislike being held. Much like a serval they chose one person to bond with. They get along great with other animals but they disike being held. Will play fetch, give headbutts and walk on a leash with training.
F2 savannah cats
F2 Savannahs range from 16 to 25 pounds. F2 Savannah cats get along great with other animals. Bond closely with their owners. They love to be pet. Most F2s out of a proper breeding program have about the same size of an F1. F2 Savannahs will have less wild tendencies. Will play fetch, give headbutts and walk on a leash with training.
F3 Savannah cats
F3 Savannahs will enjoy they whole family. They get along great with other animals. Most love being scratched, although some don&rsquo;t care for long periods of being in a lap. Wild tendencies such as spray do not occur often at this level, remembering to fix your cat is the main factor behind those behaviors. Will play fetch, give headbutts and walk on a leash with training. F3 savannahs are similar in behavior to a F2 savannah kittens for sale but are very reliable with children.
F4 &ndash; F8 Savannah cats
F4 &ndash; F7 Savannahs enjoy they whole family, they are friendly and very hand on. They still retain the wonderful traits of the savannah breed such as loving water, chirping, walking in a leash and playing fetch but with out the wild tenancies. It may surprise you how large a savannah will be at this generation! If you have smaller children these generations are the most recommended for your family. Will play fetch, give headbutts and walk on a leash with training.
My option as a breeder who owns every generations is that F3 savannah cat make the best pet the majority of people. F3 Savannah cats are easy to manage. Not to big and not to small. Once they get older they still love their family with all their fuzzy hearts. They are smart, quick to learn and if from the right breeding just as gorgeous as higher generations. If you are on a strict low budget then I suggest a F5 or lower since they will be lower in price but still spotted with the savannah cat quirks such as fetching with that lovably dog like personality.If your stuck between figuring out the differences between a bengal cat, chausie and Savannah cat.
The biggest differences from other breeds is savannah cats are energetic, normally being up all day long. They love to play, talk to you, follow you around. A savannah cats build is very sleek and elegant. My husband is not a cat person but his opinion has always been savannah cats are dogs stuck in cat bodies.
He gets a real kick out of the cats fetching their toys ready for play or when they sit straight up and hold an object to study it like a raccoon. But most of all he never knew that a cat of any breed could be so loyal. Every cat he ever meet was "stuck up" or "catty" but savannah cats for sale are so well rounded. I hoped this helps you find your perfect feline.

Visit site: http://metacafe.com.seobest.website/

mcmaster carr online catalog mcmaster carr catalog 1221
CraigCal : 10.04.2018 - 03:55
п»ї*** What Your Kids Can Teach You About Exercise

When it comes to teaching our kids new things, we as parents are pretty confident that we have a handle on teaching them good habits.
As the saying goes "with age comes wisdom" so as we get more years under our parenting belt we all become our own parenting experts, right?
But when it comes to exercise maybe it's time we look to our little leaguers for some expert workout advice...and the younger they are the more we can learn.
That's because as we grow and develop from young infants to hard headed adults we begin to lose our mobility for natural movements due to inactivity and bad habits.
You Don't Know Squat
The squat is a perfect example. It is probably the most natural human movement that was learned long before barbells were invented.
Squatting was a required natural movement for our fellow cavemen to do "#2" long before toilets came to be, as humans are meant to assume a squatting position for elimination and did so for thousands of years.
It was not until the middle of the 19th century that we started the practice of sitting instead of squatting.
Even today, people in developing countries seem to squat all the time instead of sitting on a chair...and it's not because there isn't an IKEA nearby.
They can sit like this for hours while most of us are lucky to stay in this position for a few minutes before drooling over our Lazy Boy.
Just think about it the next time you bend over to grab a book from a low book shelf or you squat down to put in a DVD.
When you lean over in a squat position you will probably bend over on your toes opposed to keeping your heels flat to the floor and your knees behind your toes.
(I am getting lots of practice lately, thanks to my daughter, as of this morning I am currently on my 23rd viewing of Elmo's Pottie Time DVD.)
This poor mobility is what makes us vulnerable to common back injury. Wither it's in the gym or at the office, when we squat we should be initiating the movement starting with our hips and glutes not our quads; the muscle above our knee.
By following this natural chain of movement you take the stress off your lower back and knees allowing for a strong and comfortable range of motion.
Time To Play
Besides being the best squatters, our kids know how to get exercise without knowing they are "exercising". When we were young, we called running, jumping and climbing "play"...when we grew up we called it a workout.
Well, maybe it's time we put some fun back in fitness and make the world OUR playground.
Get out of the stinky gym while the weather is still nice and stop worrying about how many milliseconds your treadmill cardio interval is supposed to be and pick a point in the park and sprint to it as fast as you can.
Then take a few breaths, jump down and do as many pushups as you can, take a few more breaths and crawl on all fours back the distance you just ran. Rinse youself off and repeat...
Or round up a large tractor tire from your local tire shop and put in your backyard for one of the most intense total body workouts you will ever experience...as I recently discovered after competing in my first strongman contest.
This lift simulates a deadlift as you bend down to lift the tire off the ground. Then when you get the tire up on it's end you simulate a standing chest press to push the tire over before the tire gets mad and pushes you over.
Don't worry, you don't have to be named Mariusz Pudzianowski or been born in Iceland to enjoy the benefits of these strongman exercises.
But these movements are fun and challenging because they train your body the way it was meant to move in real life by pushing and pulling heavy awkward objects.
That&rsquo;s why big professional athletes to lean ripped celebrities train this way because it carries over to real life movements AND it get&rsquo;s you lean and muscular faster than any other type of workout.
So instead of inviting your buddies over for poker night that only seems to increase your waistline and decrease your wallet, have your own little strongman contest in your backyard. Try flipping the tire as many times as you can in 1 minute, then while your lungs are on fire, hang on to the grass as you collapse in a pool of sweat. Trust me, a cold beer tastes a lot better after you've earned it.
You can also use the tire for doing complete bodyweight circuits or sledgehammer work. Yeah, that's where you get a great workout by pounding the tire with a sledgehammer. Anyone who has used a sledgehammer for manual labor knows how physically demanding this movement can be. I can see my father now shaking his head while he yells "Your grandfather did that for 12 hours a day laying railroad tracks but he actually drove something into the ground for God's sake!"
So with the kids heading back to school and the changing of the seasons, maybe it&rsquo;s time you changed up your workout routine.
Your kids might have been off all summer, but maybe YOU learned a few things so you can be a fitter dad this fall...

Visit site: http://metacafe.com.seobest.website/

request ikea catalog 2018 beds
CraigCal : 10.04.2018 - 03:49
п»їChordoma Treatment,Chordoma Treatment in India at Affordable Cost, Mumbai Delhi Chordoma

Chordoma

Overview

Chordomas are locally invasive tumors that arise from the remnant of the primitive notochord. They occur most commonly in the skull base (clivus) and lower spine; approximately 40% of chordomas and chondrosarcomas arise in the clivus. Chordomas are often considered a benign tumor because of their slow growth. However, some chordomas behave aggressively and have more malignant characteristics with extensive invasiveness including a small subset of patients (~10%) that develop metastases to distant sites beyond their site of origin.

Types of Chordoma

There are three histological subtypes of chordoma: conventional (sometimes called classic), chondroid, and dedifferentiated. Chondroid chordomas tend to be less aggressive than conventional chordomas, while dedifferentiated chordomas are more aggressive, faster growing and more likely to metastasize.

Chordomas are often confused with or misdiagnosed as chondrosarcomas, and vice versa.[3 - Both types of tumor can occur in the same locations and often look similar under a microscope. Generally, chondrosarcomas tend to be more responsive to radiation and have a better prognosis.[3 - Therefore before proceeding with treatment, it is important to get multiple opinions on the pathological diagnosis from experienced pathologists who routinely see both types of tumors.

SYMPTOMS

Most patients with a clival chordoma develop headaches and double vision. Less common symptoms include visual loss, hearing loss, difficulty swallowing, facial numbness, in-coordination and motor weakness.

DIAGNOSIS

These skull base tumors are best diagnosed by MRI and CT scans which will clearly show the extent of tumor and bony destruction. Focused MRIs of the pituitary region, sinuses, temporal bones or internal auditory canals may be indicated to obtain better anatomical detail of a chordoma. Other tests may also be needed prior to surgery such as angiography (typically now performed as a CT angiogram or an MR angiogram), visual field tests, an audiogram or hormonal tests.

Several different scans are done to locate the tumor. Two of the most common are the computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A CT scan uses x-ray images taken from many angles and computer reconstruction to show parts of the body in cross section. This helps to locate and estimate the size the tumor, and provides information on whether it can be surgically removed. MRI uses magnets and radio waves to create more detailed cross-sectional scans than computed tomography. There are many variations on these two scans that use dyes or radioactive materials to provide information about blood flow around the tumor and help determine whether the tumor can be surgically removed.

Treatment

Surgery

Currently, surgery is the first-line treatment for chordomas. Complete resection (removing the entire tumor) during the first surgery provides the best chances for local control and long-term survival.To achieve a complete resection, aggressive surgery is often required and can lead to significant complications or side-effects.

The goal of surgery should be to remove as much of the tumor as possible without causing unacceptable harm. Because outcome and prognosis are largely dependent on the success of the initial surgery, before having any operation it is very important to get multiple opinions from surgical teams who have experience treating chordomas on a regular basis. Some medical centers have multidisciplinary teams of experts who review cases and can help create a coordinated treatment plan for patients with chordomas.

Radiotherapy

In many cases, radiation therapy following surgery is recommended and can improve chances of local control and survival. Because chordomas do not grow rapidly, high doses of radiation are required to kill the tumor cells. Chordomas that are close to critical structures (arteries, brain, brainstem, cranial nerves, dura, spinal nerves), often limit the dose of radiation that can be safely delivered to the tumor. In most cases, proton beam radiation can maximize the dose of radiation to the tumor, while sparing adjacent critical structures. Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), stereotactic radiosurgery and carbon-ion radiotherapy are also sometimes used to treat chordoma.

Chemotherapy

Chordomas are generally resistant to standard cytotoxic chemotherapy agents, and there are no drugs approved to treat chordoma. Dedifferentiated chordomas are sometimes treated with chemotherapy to kill rapidly multiplying cells. Recently, GleevecВ® (imatinib) has been shown to have antitumor effects in some patients with advanced chordomas.Additionally, off-label use of other targeted therapies such as ERBITUX (cetixumab), Iressa (gefinitinib), TarcevaВ® (erlotinib) have been reported.

Chordomas are often confused with or misdiagnosed as chondrosarcomas, and vice versa.[3 - Both types of tumor can occur in the same locations and often look similar under a microscope. Generally, chondrosarcomas tend to be more responsive to radiation and have a better prognosis.[3 - Therefore before proceeding with treatment, it is important to get multiple opinions on the pathological diagnosis from experienced pathologists who routinely see both types of tumors.

SYMPTOMS

Most patients with a clival chordoma develop headaches and double vision. Less common symptoms include visual loss, hearing loss, difficulty swallowing, facial numbness, in-coordination and motor weakness.

Please log on to :

Please log on to :

contact Email :

Visit site: http://metacafe.com.seobest.website/

funny grumpy cat memes
CraigCal : 10.04.2018 - 03:46
п»їVoice Care for Coaches and Speakers

As a coach and speaker, you rely heavily on a healthy voice for your business. In addition, if you give teleclasses, workshops, do speaking engagements, voice maintenance needs a higher priority in your self-care program.
During flu, cold, or allergy seasons, vocal cords become highly sensitized and need ever better care.
Imagine your voice as a rare Stradivarius violin. If you were going to play the Stradivarius in a concert the next day -- same as having a speaking engagement or a full day of coaching the next day -- you wouldn't expose the Stradivarius to a night in a smoke filled room or pour alcohol all over it and expect it not to suffer from the abuse the next day.
Okay this metaphor is a little stretch but you get the point I&rsquo;m sure.
Many people think antibiotics help viral infections or laryngitis -- a common after effect from a viral infection caused from a cold or flu. Recently, I suffered with the flu with a severe case of laryngitis. I had to cancel a teleclass, lose hours of phone coaching, and a paid speaking engagement. Ouch! The more I self-treated through media knowledge or recommendations, the worse the laryngitis got.
It took over 20 days before I improved and then two weeks later, the laryngitis returned. After all this, I finally visited my ear, nose, and throat specialist, only to learn that everything I was trying was actually contributing the extended suffering.
This is why I&rsquo;m writing this article, so you don&rsquo;t suffer as I did.
Let me pass the tips I learned along this journey. Some of them may be a surprise.
Food and Beverages
Warm or hot beverages work best. Cold beverages with ice produce the voice center to spasm generating more coughing and longer lasting laryngitis. It&rsquo;s best to stick to drinking room temperature water.
Black Currant Pastilles, which are glycerin-containing lozenges for adults, keeps the throat moist. Pastilles are especially great to take before, during, and after flying or traveling from one temperature extreme to another, say New York to Florida in winter. It&rsquo;s best to have ample on hand since they can be difficult to find on the road. Many professional singers use Black Currant Pastilles 24 hours before their performance.
Avoid anything with mint or menthol in it.
Throat Coat&reg; Tea, designed specifically for voice professionals, is better than Pastilles. The tea contains licorice root, which is widely used to enhance throat and upper respiratory tract health.
Any beverage that affects your stomachs acid level, like caffeine, will also affect your vocal cords. Caffeine is a mild diuretic and dries the throat and vocal cords. Coffee, including decaf, due to its natural oils causes acidic results that cause vocal damage. This includes chocolate. If you suffer from acid reflux disease, you need to take extra care of your voice since acid reflux causes permanent damage to vocal cords. Sodas also cause acid reflux and damages vocal cords.
Up until six years ago, I drank diet coke and suffered from acid reflux. About three weeks after going cold turkey from diet coke I had no more acid reflux problems and haven&rsquo;t since.
With a cold or flu, we usually drink orange juice. This acidic beverage actually prolongs laryngitis.
One of my favorites is to add lemon to my water. After thinking about it, lemon is an acid. By itself, it doesn&rsquo;t help. However, if you add the lemon in warm water with a small amount of honey it smoothes the vocal cords.
Hmm, I wonder if warm orange juice and honey would work.
Guess what, nope, tried it. It tastes terrible.
Dairy increases throat mucus for some people. If after you drink milk, your throat feels heavier with mucus, you may have a mild milk allergy. Milk in your case will affect your vocal health and can lengthen your laryngitis episode. Nuts can have this same allergy affect.
Common Causes of Voice Strain
You probably already know that shouting, screaming, and excessive talking strains voice cords. But, did you know that whispering, coughing, loud sneezing, crying, laughing, and throat clearing could do the same damage?
Emotional or environmental stress causes voice strain as well. Especially major changes like separation/ divorce, new job, kids going off to college, grieving, not enough sleep, moving, and even hormonal changes in adolescents or maturing adults. If you are going through any stressful times, you will need to take special care not to bruise your throat center or vocal cords.
The surprise to these stresses is the damage doesn&rsquo;t show it&rsquo;s physically appearance until three days after the major stress occurs.
The stress could even be a special project at work. You work at a higher pace or longer hours, then the project is completed, and three days later, you feel terrible. Take special note of this and change your work habits so it doesn&rsquo;t happen.
One client of mine had this consistently over five years. She&rsquo;d work hard at her job, the project would end, and she&rsquo;d take off on vacation and be sick for most of the time while on vacation.
Voice Maintenance
When experiencing laryngitis, limit unnecessary talking, and pause frequently to swallow and remoisten your throat, even during speaking engagements.
Relaxation techniques, like yoga always help, yet conscious aware of your posture and breathing during speaking can save further bruising the vocal cords especially if your voice is weak from a cold.
One of my favorite exercises I do every morning or while driving to a speaking engagement is a vowel review. Stretch your neck comfortable upwards and recite the vowels -- a, e, i, o, u -- slowly. Long gate the sound and let the vowel trail off, especially with the "u.&rdquo;
Avoid whispering. Whispering actually stresses vocal cords stretching out the recovery period significantly.
If you smoke or visit smoke-filled rooms, triple your maintenance plan, smoke is very damaging.
If you lose your voice, you will have to give it a rest over the next four to seven days. You will need to limit using your voice to 15 minutes a day. I learned there&rsquo;s a bright side to this; my listening skills improved. Keep phone calls brief; avoid all non-speech voice use, including throat clearing, coughing, sneezing, or any odd sound effects.
If you snore, this doubles the stress on your vocal cords. Keep water next to you and drink during the night to keep the cords moist.
Over-the-Counter Solutions
Even though they give immediate feeling relief, throat sprays, and medicated lozenges actually dry the vocal cords and extend the recovery period. If go this route because it's an emergency, you must use with extreme care.
Herbs can cause side effects. You will want to discuss their use with your doctor or herb practitioner before you have a problem. There are some herbs that help and some that harm.
Herbs like barberry reduce inflammation and infection caused from respiratory infections, but can cause an allergic reaction especially if already using another remedy.
Herbs like eucalyptus, German chamomile, goldenrod, goldenseal, licorice, marshmallow, peppermint, saw palmetto, or slippery elm are remedies for vocal cord inflections.
Adding garlic and ginger to your foods reduces cold symptoms including sore throat you don&rsquo;t need any professional advice before using.
Support Team
Since your voice is vital to your income, you will want to have on your team an ear, nose, and throat physician who is familiar with your medical history and works frequently with singers. With an ongoing relationship, it's easier for them to provide advice especially when you are out of the area.
Last year, while experiencing a mild case of laryngitis, I saw my doctor before I left for a speaking engagement. I forgot to mention I was traveling to a higher elevation. By the time I checked in at the hotel, I was in bad shape. An emergency call to her and I was equipped with new instructions and a fast acting prescription. The next morning I was able to perform normally.
Here&rsquo;s a special note&hellip;taxi&rsquo;s in almost all cities will pick up and deliver called-in prescriptions generally at the same rate as a cab ride.

Visit site: http://metacafe.com.seobest.website/

download mcmaster carr catalog request
CraigCal : 10.04.2018 - 02:51
п»їMost common Types of Cancer - Myelogenous leukemia - Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) -

Leukemia is defined as condition of abnormal increase of white blood cells produced by the bone marrow and/or the lymphatic system. Depending to the malignant granulocytes or lymphocytes, leukemia is classified into myelogenous or lymphoblastic leukemia.
Bone marrow is soft tissue inside the hollow center of major bone. including spine, pelvis, under arm, leg. etc.
Types of leukemia
Leukemia can be classified into 2 types
A. Acute leukemia
Acute leukemia is defined as condition of rapid increase in the numbers of extreme immature white blood cells which appear in the blood stream into other parts of the body, including tissue and organs.
1. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer of the abnormal growth of extreme immature lymphocytes overproduced by the bone marrow and/or lymphatic system. Since it has a tendency to multiply quickly, it can lead to death to other normal white blood cells in the bone marrow and/or lympaphatic system. In ALL, lymphocytes appear immature in blood stream.
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is most common children forms of leukemia with about 80% of all cases.
2. Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a cancer of myelogenous lining cause of rapid growth of abnormal granulocytes accumulated in the bone marrow, interfering with the normal blood cells. In AML, granulocytes appear immature in blood stream.
B. Chronic leukemia
Chronic leukemia is defined as condition of slow but still excessive build up of relatively mature abnormal white blood cells. It has a tendency to spread slowly to other parts of the body through bloodstream and/or lymphatic system.
1. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is defined as a condition of slow growth and spreading of a group of abnormal white blood cells called B-cell lymphocytes, which fight against infection in our body by produced antibodies. In CLL, B-cell lymphocytes have become abnormal and grow out of control. They appear less immature in the bloodstream.
2. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is also defined as condition of slow growth and spreading of abnormal granulocytes. In CML, granulocytes have become abnormal and growth uncontrollably in the bone marrow and/or lymphatic system and appear less immature in the blood stream.
Myelogenous leukemia
A. Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a cancer of myelogenous lining cause of rapid growth of abnormal granulocytes accumulated in the bone marrow, interfering with the normal blood cells. In AML, granulocytes appear immature in blood stream.
A.1. Symptoms
1. Fatigue and pale complexion
Fatigue is a result of not enough red blood cell to transport oxygen to the body cells. Pale complexion, if the disease has affected red blood cell count.
2. Infections
As white blood no longer function normally in fighting against foreign invasion such as virus and bacteria.
3. Shortness of breath
Due to anemia
4. Bone pain
In one of more bones or in the abdomen
5. Abdominal swelling
Due to spreading of the disease to the lymph nodes or infectious cause of swelling somewhere else in the body
6. Bruising easily
Due to reduced blood's platelets.
7. Poor healing of minor cuts
The disease has affected the function platelets.
8. Unusual bleeding
As the bone marrow fails to produce enough platelets to make a normal blood clot, such as frequent nosebleeds and bleeding from the gums
9. Prolonged or severe illness
It may be the cause of immune deficiency due to abnormal white blood cells.
11. Etc.
A.2. Causes and risk factors
1. Age
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) occurs mostly in adults with increased risk with age.
2. Gender
Men have an increased risk of Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) than that of women.
3. Radiation
Children with previous high dose of radiotherapy and chemotherapy have an increased risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
4. Exposure to environment chemicals
Exposure to certain chemicals can increase risk of the disease.
5. Previous cancer treatment.
Previous cancer treatment of chemotherapy and radiation therapy increase the risk of AML.
6. Smoking
AML is linked to cigarette smoke, as a result of cigarette carcinogens.
7. Genetic disorders
Certain inherited genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome, Fanconi anemia, IgA deficiency, etc. increase the risk of the disease.
8. Etc.
A.3. Diagnosis and tests
If you have some of the symptoms of the above. the first test that your doctor order is a complete blood count after a collection of your medical history and physical examination.
1. Physical examination
In Physical examination, your doctor may investigate for signs of bruising, bleeding, swelling lymph nodes, etc.
2. Complete blood count
Complete blood is very important if your doctor suspected there may be a sign of the development of AML. The test will reveal to your doctor the degree of abnormal white blood cell red blood cell (anemia) and platelet count (thrombocytopenia).
3. Bone marrow biopsy
The test usually is done in your doctor or in hospital as a outpatient by using a thin, tube-like needle inserted into the hip to withdraw a small sample from bone marrow. The sample will be view under microscopy to look for any abnormality of granulocytes or lymphocytes.
If your doctor suspect that the disease have spread to other tissue or organs, other tests may be required.
4. Other tests if necessary
A.4. Prevention
Increased intake of high amount of antioxidant and foods that enhance the immune system, and living a healthy life style may reduce risk of AML.
c. 1. Diet
a. Garlic
In the study of Garlic compounds selectively kill childhood pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells in vitro without reducing T-cell function: Potential therapeutic use in the treatment of ALL. Researchers found that after oral consumption or intravenous dose of garlic extracts to volunteers, serum from these volunteers could be substituted in similar experiments to that described in this manuscript to determine optimal dosage to achieve maximal killing of ALL cells while maintaining Th1 response.
b. Soy extract
In a study, research found that genistein increased the potency of the chemotherapeutic agent bleomycin against the leukemia cell line HL-60, and reduced the damage this agent normally causes to normal lymphocytes, thus it may reduce normal tissue toxicity associated with chemotherapy (Lee R et al 2004).
c. Tomato
Tomato contain high amount of lycopene, a powerful antioxidant that have shown inhibition of leukemia of cell cycle progression and induction of differentiation in HL-60 leukemic cells.
d. Carrot
Carrot contains high amount of beta carotene which has shown to induce appotosis of cancer cells. In study of Cell Cycle Regulation and Induction of Apoptosis by &beta;-carotene, researchers found that in vivo study warrants further confirmation that &beta;-carotene acts as apoptosis agent in cancer cells particularly leukemia cells but not normal cells.
e. Etc.
2. With nutritional supplements
a. Lipoic acid and vitamin D3
Research shows that lipoic acid, used in combination with vitamin D3, support normal (versus cancerous) growth and maturation of leukemia cells (Sokoloski JA et al 1997).
b. GLA and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
In a study, researcher found that GLA and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) have been shown to cause death in HL-60 leukemia cells (Gillis RC et al 2002).
c. Epigallocatechin gallate
In a study in 2004 by Dr. Lee, YK, found that Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in green tea blocks the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), considered essential for leukemia growth and spread.
d. Lycopene and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3
In a study of Lycopene and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 cooperate in the inhibition of cell cycle progression and induction of differentiation in HL-60 leukemic cells, researchers found that The combination of low concentrations of lycopene with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 exhibited a synergistic effect on cell proliferation and differentiation and an additive effect on cell cycle progression. Such synergistic antiproliferative and differentiating effects of lycopene and other compounds found in the diet and in plasma may suggest the inclusion of the carotenoid in the diet as a cancer-preventive measure.
e. Selenium
In a study of Selenium-induced Cytotoxicity of Human Leukemia Cells Interaction with Reduced Glutathione, researchers suggested that Only selenocystine and sodium selenite showed anti-tumor activity, and these were also the only compounds which demonstrated significant redox chemistry, including depletion of cellular glutathione, stimulation of glutathione reductase, and stimulation of oxygen consumption. The interaction of these two compounds with glutathione suggests an intriguing potential role for them in cancer therapy.
g. Etc.
A.5. Treatments
1. In conventional medicine
The objective of the treatment of AML is to cure the a patient
a. Induction therapy
The purpose of induction therapy is to used certain chemotherapy drugs, such as daunorubicin, adriamycin, etc. to reduce the number of cancer cells to see if the disease is responded and goes into remission. If it does, the next step of bone marrow transplant enhances the curative chance to over 50%.
b. Bone marrow transplant
Bone marrow transplant with bone marrow taken from a closed relative with the same tissue type. After surgery, medicine is taken for a long time to prevent the rejection of the patient body.
patient with bone marrow transplant are required to be in intensive care and isolation to avoid infection for the new bone marrow to grow.
c. Etc.
2. Herbal medicine
a. Nettle
Nettle or stinging nettle, is a perennial plant growing in temperate and tropical wasteland areas around the world, genus Urtica, belonging to the family Urticaceae. In some studies, research found that nettle's anti-inflammatory actions are attributed to its ability to interrupt the production and actions of inflammation-producing immune cells in the body (cytokines, prostaglandins and leukotreines).
b. St. John's wort
St John's wort is also known as Tipton's Weed, genus Hypericum, belonging to the family Hypericaceae, native to North America, Europe, Turkey, Russia, India, and China. A study published in the journal Cancer stated that an man-made version of hypericin, which naturally occurs in St. John's wort, appears to inhibit the growth of some malignant brain tumors.
c. Absinthe
Absinthe is also known as Wormwood, a distilled, highly alcoholic beverage flowers extracted from leaves of the herb Artemisia absinthium. In a study, researcher at the University of Washington found that wormwood can be used as a promising potential treatment for cancer among the ancient arts of Chinese folk medicine.
d. Celandine
Celandine is a herbaceous perennial plant, genus Chelidonium, belonging to the family Papaveraceae, native to Europe and western Asia and introduced widely in North America.
In a study of Ukrain (Ukrain is an anticancer drug based on the extract of the plant)&ndash; a new cancer cure? A systematic review of randomised clinical trials, researcher suggested, according to the data from randomised clinical trials that Ukrain to have potential as an anticancer drug. However, numerous caveats prevent a positive conclusion, and independent rigorous studies are urgently needed.
e. Myrrh
Myrrh is the dried oleo gum resin of a number of Commiphora or dhidin species of trees containing high amount of Boswellic acids. in a study, reported in In Vitro Screening for the Tumoricidal Properties of International Medicinal Herbs showed that Boswellic acids exert direct antiproliferative/pro-apoptotic effects through activation of caspase-3/8/9 and PARP cleavage in HT-29 cells (Liu et al., 2002), human leukemia cells HL-60, K 562, U937, MOLT-4, THP-1 and brain tumor cells LN-18, LN-229 (Hostanska et al., 2002).
f. Etc.
3. Traditional Chinese medicine
a. Shan Dou Gen
Shan Dou Gen is also known as sophora root. The bitter, cold and toxic herb has been used in TCM to hemorrhoids, cancer of the bladder, acute tonsillitis, psoriasis, hepatitis due to viral infection, etc. In a study, researcher found that purified compound Shan Dou Gen induced apoptosis in human leukemia cells and identified it as sophoranone... Our results indicate that sophoranone might be a unique apoptosis-inducing anticancer agent that targets mitochondria." Int J Cancer 2002 Jun 20;99(6):879-90
b. Ling Zhi
Ling Zhi is also known as Reishi mushroom. The sweet and neutral herb has been used in TCM as anti-inflammatory and antioxidation agent and to promote immunomodulary activityand mitochondrial energy production and prevent neuronal loss following cerebral ischemia, etc. In Aaseries of experiments including cell culture and benzidine staining test were undertaken to investigate the effects of Ganoderma lucidum(Leyss ex Fr) Karst Compound(GLC) on the proliferation and differentiation of K562 leukemic cells... It is concluded that GLC may be a good medicine for leukemia therapy." Hunan Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 1999;24(6):521-4. Chinese.
c. Jie Geng
Jie geng is also known as Platycodon Root. The acrid, bitter and neutral herb has been use in TCM as anti-inflammatory, anti ulcers agent and to inhibit cough, treat bronchitis, sore throat etc., as it stimulates the lung in dispersing and descending functions, transforms phlegm, etc., by enhancing the functions of the lung channels.The Researchers found that Saponins in Jie Geng have been shown to very significantly augment the cytotoxicity of immunotoxins and other targeted toxins directed against human cancer cells.
d. Xia Ku Cao
Xia Ku Cao is also known as Common Selfheal Fruit-Spike. The acrid, bitter and cold herb has ben used in TCM as diuretic, antibiotic agent and to treat hypertension and arteriosclerosis, acute tonsillitis, amnesia, whooping cough etc., as it disperses Liver-Fire and nodules, treat hypotension, etc. by enhancing the functions of liver and gallbladder channels. Researchers found that cyasterone in Xia Ku Cao showed anti tumor activity.
5. Qing hao
Qing hao is also known as wormwood. The bitter and cold herb has been used in TCM to
trea lupus, schistosomiasis, chronic bronchitis (essential oil) to elevate the calcium ions of leukemia white cells, etc. In a study, researcher at the University of Washington researcher found that wormwood can be used as a promising potential treatment for cancer among the ancient arts of Chinese folk medicine.
6. Etc.
For other health articles, please visit
If you like what you read, please follow me at

Visit site: http://gameone.club/

top market research companies europe cruise
pirmā iepriekšējā 1 / 20 nākamā pēdējā
vārds:

komentēt:
   ... atjaunot
Post comment
  month  
M
T
W
T
F
S
S
...Developed by Limedesign.lv...